Artur Malawski

4 July 1904, Przemyśl — 26 December 1957, Kraków

Biography

Artur Malawski, a prominent composer and conductor, graduated from the Kraków Conservatory of Music (studies under J. Chmielewski) with distinction as a violin virtuoso in 1928, and from the Warsaw Conservatory of Music with diplomas in composition (class of Kazimierz Sikorski) and conducting (class of Walerian Bierdiajew) in 1939. Malawski lectured on composition, conducting and theory at the State Higher School of Music in Kraków from 1945 until his death, where his pupils included Penderecki and Schaeffer. He also taught conducting at the State Higher School in Katowice (1950-1954). In addition, Malawski appeared as a conductor of symphony orchestras in concert halls and on the radio. During the years 1948-1951 he was President of the Polish Section of the ISCM. His conducting activities wererestricted largely to his own works as he devoted most of his time and energy to composition.

Malawski received numerous awards for his compositions, among them the 1946 Award of the Kraków Voivodeship; the Second Prize at the Chopin Competition for Composers in Warsaw for his Symphonic Variations (1949) and the Third Prize at the same competition for Toccata and Fugue in the Form of Variations; the 1952 State Award of the Third Degree for The Peaks; the 1955 State Award of the Second Degree for teaching and composition activities; the 1955 Festival of Polish Contemporary Music Prize and the Award of the Minister of Culture and Art for Symphonic Studies and for Trio for Piano, Violin and Violoncello; the 1956 Lifetime Achievement Award of the Polish Composers’ Union; the 1956 Order of the Banner of Labor of the Second Degree; and the 1957 Music Award of the City of Kraków for his creative work, especially for his Symphony No. 2.

SELECTED COMPOSITIONS

Orchestral Works

Allegro capriccioso for small orchestra (1929)
Peaks, symphonic sketch (1934) [destroyed]
Sinfonietta (1935)
Fugue in the old style (1936)
Symphonic Variations (1937)
Ukrainian Fantasy (1941)
Symphony No. 1 (1943)
Five Miniatures for piano [orchestral version by D. Ulm] (1947)
Symphonic Studies for piano and orchestra (1947)
Toccata for small orchestra (1947)
Overture (1948)
Toccata and Fugue in the Form of Variations for piano solo and orchestra (1949)
Mountaineers’ Triptych for small orchestra (1950)
Popular Suite (1952)
Hungaria (1956)
Symphony No. 2 “Dramatic” (1956)
Hungaria (1956)

Works for Choir, Solo Voices and Orchestra

Devil’s Seesaw Op. 10a (1934)
The Ballad of the Frogs Op. 10b (1934)
Gorgons’ Island for soprano, baritone, mixed choir and orchestra, texts by Tadeusz Miciński (1939)
The Old Tale for mezzo-soprano, baritone, mixed choir and orchestra, texts by Józef Ignacy Kraszewski (1950)
The Peaks ballet-pantomime for soprano, tenor, baritone, mixed choir and orchestra (1950)
My Rock, excerpt from The Peaks for unaccompanied mixed choir, texts by J. Mazur (1950)
Little Choral Suite for unaccompanied mixed choir (1952)
Olympic Hymn (1954)

Chamber Music

String Quartet No. 1 (1926) [destroyed]
Andante, Recitativo, Misterioso for violin and piano (1928 )[destroyed]
Fairy Tale for violin and piano, arranged for violin and orchestra (1928)
Sextet for 2 violins, 2 violas, 2 cellos (1932) [destroyed]
Elements of the Tatra for wind quintet (1934) (partially destroyed]
Burlesque for violin and piano (1940)
String Quartet No. 2 (1943)
Andante and Allegro for violin and piano (1949)
Mazurka for violin and piano (1950)
Sonata on the theme of F. Janiewicz for violin and piano (1951)
Siciliana and Rondo on the theme of F. Janiewicz for violin and piano (1952)
Trio for piano, violin and violoncello (1953)

Songs

Słopiewnie “Green Words” (1935)
Sport’s Hymn (1936 or 1937)
Nike of Cheronea for mezzo-soprano and piano (1943)
Three Children’s Songs for voice and piano (1949)
To Mother for mezzo-soprano and piano (1950)

Piano Works

Robot (1933) [destroyed]
Tor [rev. as Oriental Dance; rev. as Synkopa] (1933)
Mazurka (1946)
Five Miniatures (1947)
Mountaineer Triptych (1949)

Stage Works

A Midsummer Night’s Dream [incidental music] for flute, oboe, English horn, clarinet, bassoon, horn, percussion and harp (1954)

My interest in music manifested itself quite early, when I was just four years old. As a six year old, I began to improvise on violin and piano.. In my seventh year I began to study violin. My interest in music was probably helped by the fact that my parents were musical and lots of piano, flute, guitar, violin and zither music was made at home. My mother taught piano and I listened to her lessons as a child. […]

A clear turn in my understanding of music came in my 16th year, when I moved to Kraków and began to study music seriously, selecting violin as my specialty. At that time I played a lot of chamber music and it made a huge impression on me that lasted throughout my lifetime. […]

[From a text by Anna Durkacz-Foremska and Maria Kaznowska at http://mnzp.pl/pl/artur-malawski]

He was the most independent and uncompromising among all of the Polish composers active in the first post-World War II decade. He forged his own path, creating his own thoroughly modern artistic language, as well as his own technique and aesthetics with universal values. Even when reaching for the folk idiom, he transformed it using his own, specific techniques and decorated it with his own sound, never resorting to quoting anyone. His music is often radical and edgy, often filled with deep emotion, but always displaying his unique language that allows us to say: “Without doubt, it was written by Malawski.”

[Stefan Kisielewski, quoted by Anna Durkacz-Foremska and Maria Kaznowska at http://mnzp.pl/pl/artur-malawski]

Links

PWM

 


 

Page updated on 9 April 2018